Orthodontic treatment is focused on the prevention and correction of aesthetical and functional dental and facial (maxillary) anomalies often resulting from:
- Bad bite / Malocclusion (due to trauma, thumb sucking or premature loss of baby teeth)
- Missing or Extra teeth
- Misaligned teeth
- Crowded teeth
- Misaligned or incorrect jaw position
- Problems in the jaw joint
What can orthodontics do for you?
- Straighten/align your teeth
- Preserve space for unerupted teeth
- Correct a misaligned bite
- Create facial symmetry
Misaligned teeth and incorrect bites can affect more than your smile. Orthodontics helps eliminate or prevent many of conditions resulting from misaligned and incorrect bites such as:
- Speech Defects
- Jaw or TMJ pain
- Difficulty in chewing and eating
- Sleep apnea caused by mouth breathing and snoring
- Grinding or clenching of the teeth
- Gum disease and tooth decay
Orthodontics involves the use of a variety of corrective devices and appliances including:
Mini-implants are temporary anchorage devices (TAD's) that look like miniature version of a screw. They are made of titanium
alloy and come in various lengths to accommodate different bones densities. Mini-implants and micro-implants (a smaller version of the mini-screws) play an important role in difficult teeth movement such as intrusion, retraction and protraction. In addition to their anchoring function, they offer the ability to keep some teeth in their original position while moving others and control root parallelism during the treatment. The mini implants can often be put right through the gums and into the bone after the application of a light anesthetic, then screwed into the gum using a mini-ratchet wrench.
Advantages of mini-implants as anchorage:
- Simplified mechanics
- Improved results
- Drastic reduction of treatment time
- Reduction in number of extractions
- Minimal dependence on patient cooperation
Removable orthopedic appliances: not fixed to the teeth, can be removed by the patient for cleaning purposes and usually equipped with one or many screws. These include:expansion plates, activators, bionators and retainers.
Fixed orthopedic appliance: which resembles the removable orthopedic appliance fixed to teeth and can't be or shouldn't be removed by the patient such as: Palatal Expanders, Nance,Quad-helix, TPA,Herbst®, RPE, Ribbon Arch and Fixed Twin Block.
System of brackets and wires (braces): brackets (including Damon bracket and Clear brackets), bands and wires which constitute the traditional braces. Damon bracket is self-legating allowing the wire to slide through the braces freely. Clear Crystal sapphire brackets are translucent on the teeth, the only visible signs of treatment are the wires.
Invisible orthodontics (Invisalign): Invisalign is the perfect solution for adults and teens who want to achieve a straighter smile without the hassle of traditional braces. The Invisalign system consists of thin plastic aligners that are both invisible and removable, therefore you can take them out to eat or to clean which makes your treatment easier to endure. With Invisalign you don't have to sacrifice your smile and comfort while straightening your teeth.
- Reduced treatment time and chair time
- Do not require the use of brackets, wires and elastics
- Comfortable (reduced irritation of the mouth caused by wires)
- Easy to wear and remove
- Easy to maintain
Treatment with Invisalign requires about 10-16 months in average and can be used to correct the following types of minor dental problems:
- Overcrowded teeth: when there is not enough room in the jaw for all the teeth to fit normally
- Widely spaced teeth: when there is too much space between the teeth due to overgrowth of the jaw, small teeth, missing teeth and/or tongue protrusion
- Crossbites: when upper and lower jaw are misaligned
- Overbites: when the upper teeth overlap significantly with the lower teeth due to bad oral habits, development of the bone that supports the upper teeth or genetics
- Underbites: when the lower teeth protrude past the front teeth, usually due to undergrowth of the upper jaw, overgrowth of the lower jaw, or both. Missing upper teeth might cause them as well.
Space maintainers: resemble to removable orthopedic appliance but do not include any screws to turn. It is usually used on the upper jaw.
Lingual retainer: is a wire that can be fixed on the inner surface of teeth to keep them in their new position after an orthodontic treatment.
Lingual Orthodontics: Lingual braces constitute another invisible alternative to conventional braces. The brackets are placed on the back side of the teeth next to the tongue, therefore they are not visible from the front. By comparison with the clear removable braces (Invisalign), which are also invisible, the brace firmly fixed with micro-implants allows greater control of teeth so lingual braces can manage more extreme irregularities of the teeth.
- Custom fit / comfortable
- Suitable for severe teeth irregularities
Note: Adequate hygiene practices and regular maintenance follow up is required during the whole period of treatment.
Our professional orthodontics will help you choose the appropriate appliance for your treatment according to your case and preferences.