Root Canal Treatment (RCT)

Root canal treatment may be necessary for several reasons including:
  • deep decay
  • repeated dental procedures on a tooth including re-decay around old fillings or crowns
  • cracks/chips
  • other trauma to teeth
Root Canal Treatment (RCT), or endodontic treatment is used to treat a tooth and alleviate the pain that is associated with damage to the pulp. During a traditional root canal procedure, the dentist will use local anesthesia to numb the tooth. A small opening is made by drilling into the back of a front tooth, or the biting surface of a back tooth, to access the pulp. The inflamed or infected pulp is removed and the root canal system, inside of the tooth, is cleaned, shaped and disinfected. It is then filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. Finally the tooth is restored with a filling or crown and a successful procedure ensures that a tooth continues in normal function.


Dentures are removable appliances that can replace missing teeth and help restore your smile. If you’ve lost all of your natural teeth, whether from gum disease, tooth decay or injury, replacing missing teeth will benefit your appearance and your health. That’s because dentures make it easier to eat and speak better than you could without teeth. When you lose all of your teeth, facial muscles can sag, making you look older. Dentures can help fill out the appearance of your face and profile. They can be made to closely resemble your natural teeth so that your appearance does not change much. Dentures may even improve the look of your smile.

Types of dentures

  • Conventional: this full removable denture is made and placed in your mouth after the remaining teeth are removed and tissues have healed, which may take several months.
  • Immediate: this removable denture is inserted on the same day that the remaining teeth are removed. Your dentist will take measurements and make models of your jaw during a preliminary visit. You don’t have to be without teeth during the healing period, but may need to have the denture relined or remade after your jaw has healed.

  • Overdenture: sometimes some of your teeth can be saved to preserve your jawbone and provide stability and support for the denture. An overdenture fits over a small number of remaining natural teeth after they have been prepared by your dentist. Implants can serve the same function, too.
Like your teeth, your dentures should be brushed daily to remove food particles and plaque. Brushing also can help keep the teeth from staining.
  • Rinse your dentures before brushing to remove any loose food or debris. 
  • Use a soft bristle toothbrush and a non-abrasive cleanser to gently brush all the surfaces of the dentures so they don't get scratched.
  • When brushing, clean your mouth thoroughly including your gums, cheeks, roof of your mouth and tongue to remove any plaque. This can help reduce the risk of oral irritation and bad breath. 
  • When you’re not wearing your dentures, put them in a safe place covered in water to keep them from warping.
  • Occasionally, denture wearers may use adhesives. Adhesives come in many forms: creams, powders, pads/wafers, strips or liquids. If you use one of these products, read the instructions, and use them exactly as directed. The dentist can recommend appropriate cleansers and adhesives.

Sleep Apnea (Snoring)

There are several treatment options for sleep apnea. One of the options is the oral appliance, also called Jaw Advancing Device (JAD) or Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD). These sleep apnea mouth pieces are custom made by using a plastic-like mold to form to the specific shape of the patients teeth and mouth. They work against sleep apnea and are effective to stop snoring.

Sleep apnea oral appliances work by moving the jaw forward, which increases the size of the upper airway, thus reducing the air resistance that leads to sleep apnea and snoring.